"Tucson" is derived from the Tohono O'Odham Native American word Stjukshon (pron. Chuk-son) for "spring at the foot of black mountain." Spanish and European settlers changed the name to a more easily pronounceable Tucson. The "black mountain" is just southwest of downtown. It is known as "A" Mountain, named for its white rock "A," painted by University of Arizona students annually since 1915. The "spring" was The Santa Cruz River. What remains is a sweeping sand "wash" where water still flows beneath the sand and rocks of the riverbed.
Five flags have flown over Tucson - those of Spain, Mexico, the U.S. Confederacy, the Union and the U.S.A.
The 1884 City Directory listed 25 saloons that served the city with gambling 24 hours a day
Tucson was ranked by Bicycling magazine as one of the top three cities in North America for cycling.
Tucson is consistently rated one of the best golfing destinations in the western United States.
Tucson is one of best places to retire to according to CNNmoney.com.
Present day Tucson was founded by an Irishman named Hugh O'Connor, known by the Spanish-speaking natives as Hugo O Conor, who served in the Spanish Army. In 1775, he established the Presidio of San Augustin de Tucson in what is now in the heart of downtown Tucson in the historic El Presidio neighborhood.
Tucson is the only city in the United States that hosts three Major League Baseball Spring Training teams - The Arizona Diamondbacks, The Colorado Rockies and The Chicago White Sox. Two local stadiums showcase games each March. Tucson Electric Park, on the south side of Tucson, is home to The Diamondbacks and The Sox. Hi Corbett Field, in mid-town, is home to the Colorado Rockies.
Tucson is multi-cultural with a strong mix of Spanish, Mexican, and Native American heritage.
Tucson is home to Arizona's "other" national park. Saguaro National Park is one of the United States' newest national parks. Its two locations, east and west of Tucson, have the largest concentration of saguaro cactus. It is the second only to the Grand Canyon in the number of visitors it receives annually.
Tucson has more sunshine than most cities in the world, over 300 days each year. Winter temperatures average highs of 70 degrees and summer temperatures average highs of 98 degrees. Low year-round humidity makes high temperatures comfortable.
Old Tucson Studios is known as "Hollywood in the Desert." More than 200 movies, commercials, documentaries and television shows, including the TV series "Young Riders," have been filmed here since it was built as a set for the movie "Arizona" in 1939.
Some very old laws are made to be broken. In Tucson, according to a law passed during the Victorian-era, it is illegal for women to wear pants.
The University of Arizona was founded in 1885 when it opened its doors to 32 students. Cattle grazed on the open range of the campus. Today the UA serves over 35,000 students and is recognized as one of the United States top Research I universities.