- 10,000 BC
Nomadic tribes reach Florida. The ice age is ending. Florida is nearly twice its current size due to a lower sea level caused by much of the ocean's waters still frozen in polar ice caps.
- 7500 - 3000 BC
Temperature rises and climate changes until it reaches a state currently experienced in Florida today.
- 5000 BC
People begin settling along Florida's coasts and riverbanks.
- 1000 BC
Beginning of changes from hunter-gather groups to societies based on cultivation.
- 1000 BC - 1500 AD
Numerous Native American groups establish themselves and inhabit Florida. Among these include the Apalachee in the northern panhandle, the Timucuan in the central and northeast area, the Tocobaga on the west coast, and the Calusa in southern Florida. Over 100,000 Native Indians live in Florida by 1500.
The Spanish conquistador Ponce de Leon set foot near what is now St. Augustine. He claims the territory for Spain which he names "La Florida".
- 1513 - 1560
Several Spanish explorations fail to yield expected gold and silver.
French settlers build Fort Caroline near St. Johns River.
Spain sends an armada to build a settlement called St. Augustine and drive out the French. This fort became the first permanent European settlement in the New World that still exists today.
- 1565 - 1700
The Spanish colonize much of Florida.
Creek Indians migrate from Georgia and Alabama to Florida where later they and all Florida Indians collectively become known as the Seminoles - the "Unconquered / Free People".
The English colonists in the Carolina colonies become particularly hostile toward Spain. Led by Colonel James Moore, the Carolinians and their Creek Indian allies attack Spanish Florida and destroyed the town of St. Augustine
Carolina English colonists destroy the Spanish missions between Tallahassee and St. Augustine, killing many native people and enslaving many others.
Spains adversaries move even closer when Georgia, England's southernmost continental colony, attacks Florida, assaulting St. Augustine for almost a month
Spain cedes Florida to England in exchange for Havana, Cuba as part of a bargain in the settlement of the Seven Years' War. The east and west territories of Florida become the 14th and 15th British colonies in the Americas.
Spain regains control of Florida from England as part of a peace treaty that ended the American Revolution.
First Seminole War.
The United States acquires Florida from Spain as part of a deal to cancel $5 million in debts owed by the Spanish. Florida becomes a territory of the United States.
Newly founded town of Tallahassee is declared the capital of the Florida territory. Tallahassee was chosen because it was halfway between existing governmental centers of Pensacola and St. Augustine.
The second Seminole War is waged.
First railroads begin to operate in Florida.
- March 3, 1845
Florida becomes the 27th state to join the United States of America.
The third Seminole War. Only a few hundred Seminoles survive by hiding in the Everglades.
Florida secedes from the Union to join the Confederacy in the US Civil War.
Civil War ends.
Large scale commercial agriculture, cattle-raising and industries such as cigar manufacturing take root. Florida's population reaches an estimated 270,000.
Great railroad-building era. Transportation for goods and people including tourists improves.
Great land boom and rapid population expansion. Population reaches one million.
The Great Depression begins
Florida becomes America's largest citrus producer.
Two million people live in Florida. An estimated three million tourists visit Florida as large-scale tourism begins.
President Truman opens Everglades National Park
- July 20, 1969
Spacecraft Apollo 11, launched from Kennedy Space Center in Florida, lands on the moon.
Walt Disney World opens near Orlando to become Florida's first major theme park.
Over 40 million tourists visit Florida each year - more than 2 1/2 times its resident population!