& California History!
Portuguese sailor Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo sails along the californian coast and discovered Santa Monica Bay. He found a densely populated region overhung by the 'smog' of countless indian campfires. He named it 'La Bahia de la Fumos', the bay of smokes.
Vizcain sails along the californian coast, Catalina Island and San Pedro Bay were discovered.
Don Gaspar de Portola, Californias first governor, reached the area. At August 1st the Fransiscans celebrated the fiesta "Nuestra Senora la Reina de Los Angeles Porciuncula". The next day they crossed a river and named him after this: "Rio Porciuncula de Nustra Senora de los Angeles".
Mission San Gabriel was founded by Fransiscans led by father Junipero Serra.
Felipe de Neve was assigned with the task of establishing more settlements. Every settler should get ground in the village and a piece of land outside.
On september 4th the pueblo of Los Angeles was officially established.
Offical title to lands were conveyed to the settlers. Jose Vanegas was the first mayor.
First american ship in San Pedro. Captain John Shaler visited the pueblo.
First school was opened by retired soldier Maximo Pino.
Joseph Chapman became the first american settler.
Mexico declares their independence. California gets a state.
The first party reached Los Angeles overland - Jedediah Smith and his band of fur trappers.
On May 23rd Los Angeles is raised to the status of a city.
Los Angeles was made the capital of California.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo on February 2nd acquired California for the United States.
The first newspaper, the bilingual 'Los Angeles Star' was published.
The first hospital opened on upper Main Street.
In Los Angeles County 1.500.000 gallons of wine and 100.000 gallons brandy were produced.
Hayward & Company opened the first bank.
Caroline M. Severance opened the first kindergarden.
The University of Southern California was founded.
The Santa-Fe Railroad reached Los Angeles. The first real estate boom began.
Discovery of oil by Edward L. Doheny and Charles Canfield near Second Street / Glendale Blvd.
First known automobile to appear in Los Angeles streets arrives, built by J.P. Erie.
The first motion picture theater opened in Los Angeles on April 2.
Los Angeles Aqueduct opened, a 235-mile water delivery system from the Owens Valley River.
Radio broadcasting came to Los Angeles with the stations KFI, KHJ and KNX.
Daily airline flights began between L.A. and San Francisco.
The first TV station began operations.
A young woman named Norma Jean was crowned Castroville's first Artichoke Queen. She went on to become actress Marilyn Monroe.
The first electric guitars, produced in quantity, were delievered from Fender Electric Instrument Company in Fullerton.
Additional History Resources:
The Los Angeles Conservancy, the largest membership-based local historic preservation organization in the country, is dedicated to the recognition, preservation, and revitalization of the architectural and cultural heritage of greater Los Angeles.
Established in 1978, the Conservancy grew out of the community-based effort to prevent demolition of the Los Angeles Central Library. The organization has grown to a membership of more than 8,000 households, including more than 400 volunteers. With a two-fold mission of advocacy and education, the Conservancy works to preserve existing architectural resources by developing preservation strategies and by raising public awareness of the value of those resources through tours, lectures, publications and major programs such as Last Remaining Seats.