& Dallas Historical Information
Spanish explorers, including Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, were the first to visit the region in the 16th and 17th centuries, settling at Ysleta near El Paso in 1682. In 1685, sieur de la Salle established a short-lived French colony at Matagorda Bay.
Americans, led by Stephen F. Austin, began to settle along the Brazos River in 1821 when Texas was controlled by Mexico, recently independent from Spain.
In 1821, Mexico gained independence from Spain, beginning a series of politically turbulent years. Under the Mexican Constitution of 1824, Texas was joined politically to the state of Coahuila, giving Texas a minority voice in its government. In 1836, following a brief war between the American settlers in Texas and the Mexican government, the Independent Republic of Texas was proclaimed with Sam Houston as president. This war was famous for the battles of the Alamo and San Jacinto. On March 2, 1836, 41 delegates to the first Constitutional Convention adopted Texas' Declaration of Independence, beginning the transition to becoming an independent republic. The period ended 50 days later, on April 21, 1836, at the Battle of San Jacinto, where the Texas Army defeated the Mexican Army led by General Santa Anna.
Texas remained a republic for almost a decade until annexation by the United States in 1845. After Texas became the 28th U.S. state in 1845, border disputes led to the Mexican War of 184648. Texas remained a state until 1861 when it seceded from the Union to become part of the Confederacy. Texas was readmitted to the United States in 1870.
Settled in 1849 as an Army post to protect the citizens from the Indian attacks. It became the last major stop on the legendary Chisholm Trail, growing larger with all the people who followed the trail and then stayed. Fort Worth eventually became the second largest livestock market in the country. With the discovery of large oil fields in West Texas, Fort Worth grew even more, now being one of the great metropolitan areas in Texas.
Explorer La Salle builds french colony at Lavaca Bay
Spain builds outpost in East Texas to block french tresspass
Spain concentrates its power in Texas at San Antonio
Presidio and missions built at Goliad to protect Texas Coast
U.S. purchases Louisianna from France
Mexico gains independence from Spain
Stephen F. Austin begins colonization of lower Colorado-Brazos rivers.
Texas and Coahuilla joined as a single Mexican state. Many anglos move to Texas.
Texas petitions for seperation from Coahuilla
General Santa Anna becomes dictator of Mexico and changes peacefull laws.
(June) Texas rebels defeat Mexican forces at Fort Anahuac
(Oct.) First shots of Texas revolution fired in Gonzales
(Oct.) Sam Houston is ordered to raise an army.
(late) Texans seize Presido La Bahia at Goliad and San Antonio
(Dec.) Texans ratify Declaration of Independence at Goliad
(Feb 24) Seige of Alamo begins
(March 2) Declaration of Independence presented at Washington-on-the-Brazos.
(March 6) The Alamo falls
(March 27) Santa Anna orders execution of troops at Goliad
(April 15) Santa Anna burns Harrisburg
(April 20) Sam Houston's army of 910 arrive at San Jacinto river
(April 21) Texans defeat Santa Anna at San Jacinto
(May 14) Texas, Mexico peace treaty signed
(Oct. 22) Sam Houston becomes first President of the Republic of Texas
Austin becomes state capital
Texans massacre Comanche chiefs at San Antonio Council House Fight
(Sept) Mexican General Woll captures San Antonio
Mexican-Texan truce signed
(Dec. 29) President Polk signs annexation acts allowing Texas into the United States of America
Texas joins the Confederate States of America
Confederates in Texas win the Battle of Galveston; a major confederate victory
Texas rejoins the United States of America
Jan. 10 - A gusher drilled by mining engineer Capt. A.F. Lucas at Spindletop near Beaumont catapults Texas into the petroleum age.
The poll tax becomes a requirement for voting.
For the first time, Texans can vote for U.S. senator in the Democratic primary. Although the Texas legislature retains ultimate appointment authority, primary voters can express their preferences. Not until 1916 are Texas voters able to directly elect U.S. senators.
March 2 - Lt. Benjamin D. Foulois makes the first military air flight in a Wright brothers plane at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio. The seven-and-a-half-minute flight marks the shaky beginnings of U.S. Air Force.
The Mexican civil war spills across the border, as refugees seek safety, combatants seek each other, and Texas settlements are raided for supplies by all sides in the fighting. Pancho Villa and his followers are active along the border during some of this time.
The United States participates in World War I.
Gov. James Ferguson is impeached and convicted; he leaves office.
March - Texas women win the right to vote in primary elections.
Annie Webb Blanton becomes the first woman elected to a statewide office when she is elected State Superintendent of Public Instruction.
Responding to anti-German sentiment, Gov. William P. Hobby vetoes appropriations for German Dept. of The University of Texas.
Texans adopt a prohibition amendment to the state constitution.
Large-scale agricultural irrigation begins in the High Plains.
Miriam "Ma" Ferguson becomes Texas' first woman governor, serving as a figurehead for her husband, former Gov. James E. Ferguson.
Sept. 30 - Texas Tech University begins classes in Lubbock as Texas Technological College.
June 26-29 - The Democratic National Convention is held in Houston, the first nominating convention held in a Southern city since 1860.
Feb. 17 - The League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) is founded in Corpus Christi.
Stock Market Crash
Texas Economy booms. Jobs open up in Petrochemical industry.
The Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center is opened
(Nov. 22) President Kennedy is assasinated in Dallas
July 20 - Apollo 11 astronaut Neil Armstrong transmits the first words from the surface of the moon: "Houston, the Eagle has landed."
The Securities and Exchange Commission investigates illegal manipulation of stock transactions involving Frank Sharp and his Sharpstown State Bank of Houston. The Sharpstown Scandal results in the conviction of House speaker Gus Mutscher and two associates for conspiracy and bribery in 1972.
Jan. 8 - A Constitutional Convention meets to attempt to write a new state constitution. However, the delegates, comprising the membership of the 63rd Legislature, become mired in divisive politics, and the convention adjourns on July 30, 1974, without a document.
William Clements becomes the first Republican governor of Texas since Reconstruction.
April 10 - Several tornadoes kill 53 in West Texas, including 42 in Wichita Falls, and cause $400 million in damages.
The no-pass-no-play rule is part of an education-reform package enacted by the Texas Legislature.
Aug. 20-23 - The National Republican Convention is held in Dallas.
The Federal Home Loan Bank Board suspends deposit insurance for Texas savings-and-loan companies applying for state charters. Three years later, after uncovering widespread insider abuse at Texas lending institutions, federal regulators announce bail-out plans for many Texas thrifts and begin prosecution of S&L officials.
Texan George Bush is elected President of the United States
Democrat Ann Richards becomes the first woman governor of Texas in her own right.
April 19 - Ending a siege that began on Feb. 28, federal agents storm the compound called Mount Carmel near Waco, where cult leader David Koresh and his followers, called Branch Davidians, had reportedly been storing a large cache of assault weapons. The assault and ensuing fire kill four agents and 86 Branch Davidians.
Republican Kay Bailey Hutchison becomes the first woman to serve as U.S. Senator from Texas.
George W. Bush is elected President of the United States
In the Fort Worth Stockyards you will find everything you need from holiday fun to Texas history. Lodging, shopping, night life, restaurants, and entertainment will make your visit to Fort Worth eventful. Fort Worth Stockyards Business Association Members are responsible for the restoration and maintenance of Fort Worth's greatest treasure, the Fort Worth Stockyards National Historic District. The area was designated as an historical landmark in 1976, and is considered one of Texas most popular tourist attractions.