Gift Baskets Wine & Champagne Occasions Gift Types Shop By Price

Fort Worth History

Sort By:

& Dallas Historical Information

Spanish explorers, including Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, were the first to visit the region in the 16th and 17th centuries, settling at Ysleta near El Paso in 1682. In 1685, sieur de la Salle established a short-lived French colony at Matagorda Bay.

Americans, led by Stephen F. Austin, began to settle along the Brazos River in 1821 when Texas was controlled by Mexico, recently independent from Spain.

In 1821, Mexico gained independence from Spain, beginning a series of politically turbulent years. Under the Mexican Constitution of 1824, Texas was joined politically to the state of Coahuila, giving Texas a minority voice in its government. In 1836, following a brief war between the American settlers in Texas and the Mexican government, the Independent Republic of Texas was proclaimed with Sam Houston as president. This war was famous for the battles of the Alamo and San Jacinto. On March 2, 1836, 41 delegates to the first Constitutional Convention adopted Texas' Declaration of Independence, beginning the transition to becoming an independent republic. The period ended 50 days later, on April 21, 1836, at the Battle of San Jacinto, where the Texas Army defeated the Mexican Army led by General Santa Anna.

Texas remained a republic for almost a decade until annexation by the United States in 1845. After Texas became the 28th U.S. state in 1845, border disputes led to the Mexican War of 1846–48. Texas remained a state until 1861 when it seceded from the Union to become part of the Confederacy. Texas was readmitted to the United States in 1870.

Settled in 1849 as an Army post to protect the citizens from the Indian attacks. It became the last major stop on the legendary Chisholm Trail, growing larger with all the people who followed the trail and then stayed. Fort Worth eventually became the second largest livestock market in the country. With the discovery of large oil fields in West Texas, Fort Worth grew even more, now being one of the great metropolitan areas in Texas.

Texas Timeline

  • 1685
    Explorer La Salle builds french colony at Lavaca Bay
  • 1690
    Spain builds outpost in East Texas to block french tresspass
  • 1718-31
    Spain concentrates its power in Texas at San Antonio
  • 1749-54
    Presidio and missions built at Goliad to protect Texas Coast
  • 1803
    U.S. purchases Louisianna from France
  • 1821
    Mexico gains independence from Spain
  • 1822
    Stephen F. Austin begins colonization of lower Colorado-Brazos rivers.
  • 1824
    Texas and Coahuilla joined as a single Mexican state. Many anglos move to Texas.
  • 1833
    Texas petitions for seperation from Coahuilla
  • 1834
    General Santa Anna becomes dictator of Mexico and changes peacefull laws.
  • 1835
    (June) Texas rebels defeat Mexican forces at Fort Anahuac
  • 1835
    (Oct.) First shots of Texas revolution fired in Gonzales
  • 1835
    (Oct.) Sam Houston is ordered to raise an army.
  • 1835
    (late) Texans seize Presido La Bahia at Goliad and San Antonio
  • 1835
    (Dec.) Texans ratify Declaration of Independence at Goliad
  • 1836
    (Feb 24) Seige of Alamo begins
  • 1836
    (March 2) Declaration of Independence presented at Washington-on-the-Brazos.
  • 1836
    (March 6) The Alamo falls
  • 1836
    (March 27) Santa Anna orders execution of troops at Goliad
  • 1836
    (April 15) Santa Anna burns Harrisburg
  • 1836
    (April 20) Sam Houston's army of 910 arrive at San Jacinto river
  • 1836
    (April 21) Texans defeat Santa Anna at San Jacinto
  • 1836
    (May 14) Texas, Mexico peace treaty signed
  • 1836
    (Oct. 22) Sam Houston becomes first President of the Republic of Texas
  • 1839
    Austin becomes state capital
  • 1840
    Texans massacre Comanche chiefs at San Antonio Council House Fight
  • 1842
    (Sept) Mexican General Woll captures San Antonio
  • 1843
    Mexican-Texan truce signed
  • 1845
    (Dec. 29) President Polk signs annexation acts allowing Texas into the United States of America
  • 1861
    Texas joins the Confederate States of America
  • 1863
    Confederates in Texas win the Battle of Galveston; a major confederate victory
  • 1866
    Texas rejoins the United States of America
  • 1901
    Jan. 10 - A gusher drilled by mining engineer Capt. A.F. Lucas at Spindletop near Beaumont catapults Texas into the petroleum age.
  • 1902
    The poll tax becomes a requirement for voting.
  • 1906
    For the first time, Texans can vote for U.S. senator in the Democratic primary. Although the Texas legislature retains ultimate appointment authority, primary voters can express their preferences. Not until 1916 are Texas voters able to directly elect U.S. senators.
  • 1910
    March 2 - Lt. Benjamin D. Foulois makes the first military air flight in a Wright brothers plane at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio. The seven-and-a-half-minute flight marks the shaky beginnings of U.S. Air Force.
  • 1911-1920
    The Mexican civil war spills across the border, as refugees seek safety, combatants seek each other, and Texas settlements are raided for supplies by all sides in the fighting. Pancho Villa and his followers are active along the border during some of this time.
  • 1917-1918
    The United States participates in World War I.
  • 1917
    Gov. James Ferguson is impeached and convicted; he leaves office.
  • 1918
    March - Texas women win the right to vote in primary elections.
  • 1918
    Annie Webb Blanton becomes the first woman elected to a statewide office when she is elected State Superintendent of Public Instruction.
  • 1919
    Responding to anti-German sentiment, Gov. William P. Hobby vetoes appropriations for German Dept. of The University of Texas.
  • 1919
    Texans adopt a prohibition amendment to the state constitution.
  • 1920
    Large-scale agricultural irrigation begins in the High Plains.
  • 1925
    Miriam "Ma" Ferguson becomes Texas' first woman governor, serving as a figurehead for her husband, former Gov. James E. Ferguson.
  • 1925
    Sept. 30 - Texas Tech University begins classes in Lubbock as Texas Technological College.
  • 1928
    June 26-29 - The Democratic National Convention is held in Houston, the first nominating convention held in a Southern city since 1860.
  • 1929
    Feb. 17 - The League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) is founded in Corpus Christi.
  • 1929
    Stock Market Crash
  • 1943
    Texas Economy booms. Jobs open up in Petrochemical industry.
  • 1957
    The Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center is opened
  • 1963
    (Nov. 22) President Kennedy is assasinated in Dallas
  • 1969
    July 20 - Apollo 11 astronaut Neil Armstrong transmits the first words from the surface of the moon: "Houston, the Eagle has landed."
  • 1971
    The Securities and Exchange Commission investigates illegal manipulation of stock transactions involving Frank Sharp and his Sharpstown State Bank of Houston. The Sharpstown Scandal results in the conviction of House speaker Gus Mutscher and two associates for conspiracy and bribery in 1972.
  • 1974
    Jan. 8 - A Constitutional Convention meets to attempt to write a new state constitution. However, the delegates, comprising the membership of the 63rd Legislature, become mired in divisive politics, and the convention adjourns on July 30, 1974, without a document.
  • 1978
    William Clements becomes the first Republican governor of Texas since Reconstruction.
  • 1979
    April 10 - Several tornadoes kill 53 in West Texas, including 42 in Wichita Falls, and cause $400 million in damages.
  • 1984
    The no-pass-no-play rule is part of an education-reform package enacted by the Texas Legislature.
  • 1984
    Aug. 20-23 - The National Republican Convention is held in Dallas.
  • 1985
    The Federal Home Loan Bank Board suspends deposit insurance for Texas savings-and-loan companies applying for state charters. Three years later, after uncovering widespread insider abuse at Texas lending institutions, federal regulators announce bail-out plans for many Texas thrifts and begin prosecution of S&L officials.
  • 1988
    Texan George Bush is elected President of the United States
  • 1990
    Democrat Ann Richards becomes the first woman governor of Texas in her own right.
  • 1993
    April 19 - Ending a siege that began on Feb. 28, federal agents storm the compound called Mount Carmel near Waco, where cult leader David Koresh and his followers, called Branch Davidians, had reportedly been storing a large cache of assault weapons. The assault and ensuing fire kill four agents and 86 Branch Davidians.
  • 1993
    Republican Kay Bailey Hutchison becomes the first woman to serve as U.S. Senator from Texas.
  • 2000
    George W. Bush is elected President of the United States

The Fort Worth Stockyards National Historic District

In the Fort Worth Stockyards you will find everything you need from holiday fun to Texas history. Lodging, shopping, night life, restaurants, and entertainment will make your visit to Fort Worth eventful. Fort Worth Stockyards Business Association Members are responsible for the restoration and maintenance of Fort Worth's greatest treasure, the Fort Worth Stockyards National Historic District. The area was designated as an historical landmark in 1976, and is considered one of Texas’ most popular tourist attractions.

Fort Worth Timeline