- The State Capitol in Austin stands largest among all the states.
- The San Jacinto Monument near Houston is among the tallest columns in the world; at 570 feet, its about twenty feet higher than the Washington Monument in the District of Columbia.
- Texas has more counties (254) than any other state. Forty-one counties in Texas are each larger than the state of Rhode Island.
- Of the nation's ten largest cities, three are in Texas (Houston, Dallas, and San Antonio).
- Texas is the nation's leading producer of oil, natural gas, beef, sheep, goats, wool, cotton, rice...and, oh yes, watermelons.
- Today, approximately 18 million people live in Texas, only slightly outnumbering its 15 million cattle. Texas today is also home for about 2.5 million deer and 200,000 alligators.
- The land area of Texas is larger than all of New England, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio and Illinois combined. It extends 801 miles from north to south and 773 miles from east to west.
- The Dallas/Ft. Worth airport is larger than New York City's Manhattan Island.
- El Paso, Texas is closer to Los Angeles on the Pacific Coast than it is to Port Arthur on Gulf Coast of Texas. Port Arthur, on the other hand, is closer to Jacksonville, Florida on the Atlantic Coast than it is to El Paso.
- State Tree
The pecan is the state tree of Texas. The sentiment that led to its official adoption probably grew out of the request of Gov. James Stephen Hogg that a pecan tree be planted at his grave.
- State Flower
The state flower of Texas is the bluebonnet, also called buffalo clover, wolf flower and el conejo (the rabbit). The bluebonnet was adopted as the state flower, on request of the Society of Colonial Dames in Texas, by the 27th Legislature, 1901. The original resolution designated Lupinus subcarnosus as the state flower, but a resolution (HCR 44) signed March 8, 1971, by Gov. Preston Smith provided legal status as the state flower of Texas for "Lupinus Texensis and any other variety of bluebonnet."
- State Bird
The mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos) is the state bird of Texas, adopted by the Legislature at the request of the Texas Federation of Women's Clubs.
- State Air Force
The Commemorative Air Force, based in Midland at the Midland International Airport, was proclaimed the official air force of Texas by the 71st Legislature in 1989.
- State Dinosaur
The Brachiosaur Sauropod, Pleurocoelus, was designated the official state dinosaur by the 75th Legislature in 1997.
- State Dish
Chili was proclaimed the Texas state dish by the 65th Texas Legislature in 1977.
- State Fiber and Fabric
Cotton was designated the official state fiber and fabric by the 75th Legislature in 1997.
- State Fish
The Guadalupe bass, a member of the genus Micropterus within the sunfish family, was named the official state fish of Texas by the 71st Legislature in 1989. It is one of a group of fish collectively known as black bass.
- State Folk Dance
The square dance was designated the official state folk dance by the 72nd Legislature in 1991.
- State Fruit
The Texas red grapefruit was designated the official state fruit by the 73rd Legislature in 1993.
- State Gem
Texas blue topaz, the official Texas gem, is found in the Llano uplift area, especially west to northwest of Mason. It was designated by the 61st Legislature in 1969.
- State Grass
Sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula), a native grass found on many different soils, was designated by the 62nd Legislature as the state grass of Texas in 1971.
- State Insect
The Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) was designated the state insect by the 74th Legislature in 1995.
- State Mammals
The armadillo was designated the state small mammal; the longhorn was designated the state large mammal; and the Mexican free-tailed bat was designated the state flying mammal by the 74th Legislature in 1995.
- State Musical Instrument
The guitar was named the official musical instrument of Texas by the 75th Legislature in 1997.
- State Native Pepper
The chiltepin was named the official state native pepper of Texas by the 75th Legislature in 1997.
- State Pepper
The jalapeño pepper was designated the official state pepper by the 74th Legislature in 1995.
- State Plant
The prickly pear cactus was designated the official state plant by the 74th Legislature in 1995.
- State Reptile
The Texas horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum) was named the state reptile of Texas by the 73rd Legislature in 1993.
- State Shell
The lightning whelk (Busycon perversum pulleyi) was named the official state shell by the 70th Legislature in 1987. One of the few shells that open on the left side, the lightning whelk is named for its colored stripes. It is found only on the Gulf Coast.
- State Ship
The battleship Texas was designated the official state ship by the 74th Legislature in 1995.
- State Shrub
The crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica) was designated the official state shrub by the 75th Legislature in 1997.
- State Sport
Rodeo was named the official sport of Texas by the 75th Legislature in 1997.
- State Stone
Petrified palmwood, found in Texas principally in counties near the Texas Gulf Coast, was designated the official state stone by the 61st Legislature in March 1969.
- State Tartan
The Texas Bluebonnet Tartan was named the official state tartan by the 71st Texas Legislature in 1989.
- State Vegetable
The Texas sweet onion was designated the official state vegetable by the 75th Legislature in 1997.