Jan. 10 - A gusher drilled by mining engineer Capt. A.F. Lucas at Spindletop near Beaumont catapults Texas into the petroleum age.
The poll tax becomes a requirement for voting.
Oak Cliff citizens vote for annexation to Dallas. Dallas Art Association is organized.
Theodore Roosevelt is first U.S. President to visit Dallas. Munger Place opens as Dallas' first deed-restricted residential neighborhood.
For the first time, Texans can vote for U.S. senator in the Democratic primary. Although the Texas legislature retains ultimate appointment authority, primary voters can express their preferences. Not until 1916 are Texas voters able to directly elect U.S. senators.
President William H. Taft visits Dallas.
March 2 - Lt. Benjamin D. Foulois makes the first military air flight in a Wright brothers' plane at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio. The seven-and-a-half-minute flight marks the shaky beginnings of U.S. Air Force.
The Mexican civil war spills across the border, as refugees seek safety, combatants seek each other, and Texas settlements are raided for supplies by all sides in the fighting. Pancho Villa and his followers are active along the border during some of this time.
The United States participates in World War I.
Gov. James Ferguson is impeached and convicted; he leaves office.
March - Texas women win the right to vote in primary elections.
Annie Webb Blanton becomes the first woman elected to a state wide office when she is elected State Superintendent of Public Instruction.
Responding to anti-German sentiment, Gov. William P. Hobby vetoes appropriations for German Dept. of The University of Texas.
Texans adopt a prohibition amendment to the state constitution.
Large-scale agricultural irrigation begins in the High Plains.
WRR becomes first municipally owned radio station in the U.S. to feature scheduled entertainment programs. Majestic Theater is completed-- the first of the Elm Street vaudeville and movie palaces. Magnolia Building is completed; at 29 stories, it remains the tallest building west of the Mississippi for 20 years.
Miriam "Ma" Ferguson becomes Texas' first woman governor, serving as a figurehead for her husband, former Gov. James E. Ferguson.
Sept. 30 - Texas Tech University begins classes in Lubbock as Texas Technological College.
Dallas Methodist Hospital opens. Charles Lindbergh visits Dallas. Dallas teacher Portia Washington Pittman, daughter of Booker T.Washington, leads a 600-voice chorus in a concert featuring her own music for the National Education Association's annual meeting, held in Dallas. City of Dallas purchases Love Field as a municipal airport.
June 26-29 - The Democratic National Convention is held in Houston, the first nominating convention held in a Southern city since 1860.
Feb. 17 - The League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) is founded in Corpus Christi.
Sept. 5 - The Daisy Bradford #3 well, drilled near Turnertown in Rusk County by wild catter C.M. (Dad) Joiner, blows in, heralding the discovery of the huge East Texas Oil Field.
Two years after federal prohibition was repealed, Texas voters ratify the repeal of the state's prohibition law.
June 6 - The Texas Centennial Exposition opens at Dallas' Fair Park; it runs until Nov. 29.
March 18 - A massive explosion, blamed on a natural-gas leak beneath the London Consolidated School building in Rusk County, kills an estimated 296 students and teachers. Subsequent deaths of people injured in the explosion bring the death count to 311. As a result, the Texas legislature requires that a malodorant be added to the odorless gas so that leaks can be more easily detected.
The United States participates in World War II.
June - A race riot in Beaumont leads to a declaration of martial law.
April 16 - The French-owned SS Grandcamp, carrying ammonium nitrate, explodes in the Texas City harbor, followed the next morning by the explosion of the SS High Flyer. The disaster kills almost 600 and injures at least 4,000 more. The concussion is felt 75 miles away in Port Arthur, and the force creates a 15-foot tidal wave.
Lyndon B. Johnson beats Coke Stevenson in the U.S. Senate race by 87 votes. The winning margin in the disputed primary is registered in Ballot Box No. 13 in Jim Wells County.
Aug. 24 - The University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston admits its first black student.
The U.S. Supreme Court orders racial integration of The University of Texas law school.
Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes the first Texas-born President of the United States.
May 11 - A tornado kills 114, injures 597 at Waco; 150 homes and 185 other buildings are destroyed.
May 22 - The Tidelands Bill is signed by Pres. Eisenhower, giving Texas the rights to its offshore oil.
Texas women gain the right to serve on juries.
Sept. 12 - The integrated circuit, developed by Jack Kilby at Texas Instruments, Dallas, is successfully tested, ushering in the semiconductor and electronics age.
John Tower wins a special election for U.S. Senate, becoming the first Republican senator from Texas since Reconstruction.
NASA opens the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston. The center moves to a new campus-like building complex in 1964. It is renamed Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center on Aug. 17, 1973.
Nov. 22 - President John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas; Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson succeeds to the office, becoming the 36th U.S. President.
The poll tax is abolished by the 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution as a requirement for voting for federal offices. It is retained in Texas, however, for state and local offices.
The Texas Legislature is reapportioned on the principle of one person, one vote.
June 3 - San Antonio native Ed White becomes the first American to walk in space.
The poll tax is repealed as a requirement for voting in all electionsby amendment of the Texas Constitution.
Barbara Jordan of Houston becomes the first black woman elected to the Texas Senate.
Aug. 1 - Charles Whitman kills 17 people, shooting them from the observation deck of the main-building tower on The University of Texas campus in Austin.
The Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF)is incorporated in Texas; its first national office is in San Antonio.
July 20 - Apollo 11 astronaut Neil Armstrong transmits the first words from the surface of the moon: "Houston, the Eagle has landed."
The Securities and Exchange Commission investigates illegal manipulation of stock transactions involving Frank Sharp and his Sharpstown State Bank of Houston. The Sharpstown Scandal results in the conviction of House speaker Gus Mutscher and two associates for conspiracy and bribery in 1972.
Jan. 8 - A Constitutional Convention meets to attempt to write a new state constitution. However, the delegates, comprising the membership of the 63rd Legislature, become mired in divisive politics, and the convention adjourns on July 30, 1974, without a document.
William Clements becomes the first Republican governor of Texas since Reconstruction.
April 10 - Several tornadoes kill 53 in West Texas, including 42 in Wichita Falls, and cause $400 million in damages.
Dallas Arboretum opens on the grounds of the DeGolyer Estate on White Rock Lake.
New Central Dallas Public Library opens opposite City Hall.
The no-pass-no-play rule is part of an education-reform package enacted by the Texas Legislature.
Aug. 20-23 - The National Republican Convention is held in Dallas.
The Federal Home Loan Bank Board suspends deposit insurance for Texas savings-and-loan companies applying for state charters. Three years later, after uncovering widespread insider abuse at Texas lending institutions, federal regulators announce bail-out plans for many Texas thrifts and begin prosecution of S&L officials.
72-story InterFirst Plaza opens at Main and Griffin, as the tallest building in Dallas.
Houstonian George Bush is elected president of the United States.
Democrat Ann Richards becomes the first woman governor of Texas in her own right.
Population of Dallas is 1,006,877.
Dallas celebrates its 150th birthday.
April 19 - Ending a siege that began on Feb. 28, federal agents storm the compound called Mount Carmel near Waco, where cult leader David Koresh and his followers, called Branch Davidians, had reportedly been storing a large cache of assault weapons. The assault and ensuing fire kill four agents and 86 Branch Davidians.
Republican Kay Bailey Hutchison becomes the first woman to serve as U.S. Senator from Texas.
Former Texas Gov. George W. Bush is elected President of the United States.