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Cleveland History

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History Timeline!

1796
July 22, U.S. General Moses Cleaveland from the Connecticut Land Company surveys the Western Reserve. One-half million-acre piece of land on the shores of Lake Erie is called the "New Connecticut."

1797
May 2, Lorenzo Carter arrives at original town site as the city’s first permanent settler. Built a log cabin on the East Bank of the Cuyahoga River that also served as the village’s jail and inn.

1802
First census of Cleaveland Township shows 76 males over the age of 21.

1809
George Peake arrives in what is now Lakewood/Rocky River, Ohio as the area’s first African-American settler.

1813
Cleaveland begins to develop into a port city. Walk-in-the-Water, the first steamship on Lake Erie serves Cleaveland.

1814
December 23, Cleaveland receives its charter as a village.
Lorenzo Carter dies.

1820
Population of Cleaveland is 606 people.
The population of Cuyahoga County is 6,328.

1825
Construction on the Ohio and Erie Canal begins.

1831
January 6, The Cleveland Advertiser changes the spelling of the village’s name to Cleveland, dropping the first "a" in order to fit the General’s name upon the newspaper masthead.

1832
Ohio and Erie Canal completed to the Ohio River.

1836
Cleveland incorporated as an official city.
John Willey elected first mayor of Cleveland.

1842
January 7, The Cleveland Plain Dealer begins publication.

1850
Population of Cleveland is 17,034 people. The population of Cuyahoga County is 48,099.

1853
April 9, The Aliened-American, the first African-American newspaper, begins publication.

1855
The Sault Canal opens and the arrival of railroad strengthens Cleveland as a transportation center.

1863
July 1, First home delivery of mail takes place.
First mailman’s uniform is created by Joseph Briggs.

1868
September 6, First "blow" of Bessemer steel made at the Cleveland Rolling Mills.

1869
First professional baseball game in Cleveland played by the Forest City team.
Cleveland Public Library established. Lake View Cemetery opens.

1901
The Cleveland Blues, predecessor to the Cleveland Indians, are established as a charter member of the new American League.
Tom L. Johnson elected mayor of Cleveland. Serves four terms (1901 – 1909) and helps Cleveland gain its reputation as a reform city.

1915
Playhouse Settlement, forerunner to Karamu House, is found by Russel and Rowena Jelliffe.

1916
Cleveland museum of Art opens.
First production by the Cleveland Play House.

1917
Cleveland Metroparks created.

1918
December 11, The world-renowned Cleveland Orchestra performs its first concert.

1920
Cleveland is the 5th largest city in the nation with a population of 796, 841 people.
The Cleveland Indians win their first World Series.

1925
Cleveland Airport (now Cleveland Hopkins International Airport) opens.
Shaker Square, nation’s second oldest outdoor shopping center, opens.

1931
Cleveland Municipal Stadium opens with the Schmeling-Stribling boxing match.
Severance Hall dedicated.

1933
Clevelanders Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster create the comic book character Superman.

1935
Elliott Ness becomes Safety Director of Cleveland.

1940
Coast Guard Station established on Whiskey Island

1950
Cleveland population is just under 1,000,000.

1967
Carl B. Stokes is elected the first African American mayor of a major U. S. city.

1969
Neil Armstrong, an Ohioan, becomes the first person on the moon.

1974
Richard Nixon becomes the first president to resign.

1978
Cleveland defaults on some of its municipal notes resulting in political turmoil

1979
George Voinovich elected mayor. He strongly feels business should be linked with government.

1981
Space Shuttle Columbia makes first flight

1987
U.S. and Soviet Union sign first nuclear arms control treaty.

1988
Playhouse Square Foundation restores the State, Palace, and Ohio Theatres.

1989
Michael R. White elected mayor

1990
March 29, The Avenue at Tower City Center opens.

1991
Key Tower is completed on Public Square. At 948 feet, it is the tallest building between New York City and Chicago.

1993
Cleveland named All-American City for fifth time. All-American City in 1949, 1982, 1984, 1986.

1994
Gateway Sports Entertainment Complex (Jacobs Field and Gund Arena) opens.

1995
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum opens.
Cleveland Indians win their first American League pennant in 41 years and make their 4th World Series appearance.
Cleveland Browns play their last game in Cleveland and move to Baltimore next season.

1996
Cleveland celebrates its Bicentennial.
Great Lakes Science Center opens.

1997
Cleveland Indians win the American League pennant and return to the World Series.
Cleveland hosts the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony.

1999
August 21, The new Cleveland Browns Stadium opens with the historic return of the Cleveland Browns.

2002
Cleveland citizens elect Jane L. Campbell as the first female mayor of Cleveland.

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